Stand Up to HIV!

What is a vaccine study?

Your immune system protects you from disease. A vaccine teaches the body’s immune system to prevent a particular infection or fight a specific disease. To develop a vaccine, researchers need to test it in people. A vaccine study tests whether study vaccines are safe (do not cause health problems) and if people’s immune systems respond to the study vaccines. A vaccine study can also be used to find out if vaccines prevent or fight a specific infection or disease. It takes many vaccine studies to produce a safe and effective vaccine.

How will the health and rights of participants be protected?

Protecting the health and respecting the rights of participants are top priorities for everyone in the HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) and at Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V., part of the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson. Clinic staff will provide potential participants with comprehensive information about the study vaccines and procedures, the possible benefits and risks of participating, and the rights they would have as a participant. Of course, a person is free to say yes or no to joining the study – the decision is completely up to them.

During the study, the clinic staff will regularly monitor participants to make sure the study vaccines are not causing any health problems. The clinic staff will also ask participants about any social issues they may be experiencing from being in the study, and will help to resolve or address them.

There are other independent groups involved in protecting participants’ rights and well-being. Research clinics located near you will be able to provide more information in greater detail on these groups if you are interested.